Whatever cmd commands can do make cmd still a powerful computer interrogation tool despite the introduction of Graphical User Interface(GUI).

With cmd, you can check and manipulate various computer hardware and software. For instance, you can view IP addresses and partition disks using cmd commands.

However, unlike most modern GUI application, cmd is command-oriented, making it unfavourable to many.

Nevertheless,  if you are planning to become a computer guru, cmd remains very important for computer users.

If yes, relax. You are in the right place. We have the complete list of the most important commands.

Basic CMD Commands

These are cmd commands that perform basic functions in the computer.

cd – Change directory.

cls – Clear the screen.

cmd – display windows version.

dir – list directory contents.

hostname – display your computer name.

pause –  stop batch file execution.

shutdown – switch off the computer.

date – display the current date.

Networking CMD Commands

These are commands that you use to perform or troubleshoot network problems. So if your computer is unable to connect to LAN, you use below commands to find out why.

ftp – move files to FTP server.

getmac –display the computer MAC Address.

ipconfig – display windows IP configuration including current IP address, MAC address, subnet Mask, and Gateway IP address for various networks you connect to.

ping – ping the connected network. This is important when troubleshooting network problem.

route – display routing table for the routers in connected

telnet – establish a telnet session for remote connection.

nslookup – display DNS settings.

Disk Management CMD Commands

chkdsk – check disk volume.

diskpart – partition disk.

format – format disk volume.

mode – configure an interface.

label – Change disk name.

verify – confirm if disk volumes are named correctly.

Other commands

gpresult – display the latest group policy

gpupdate – update group policy to the latest version

perfmon – launch performance monitor

prompt – change command prompt